Career Planning on the Internet
Trends and Issues Alert 3
by Judith O. Wagner
This project has been funded at least in part with Federal funds from the U.S. Department of Education under Contract No. ED-99-CO-0013. The content of this publication does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Education nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. ERIC/ACVE publications may be freely reproduced.
Job seekers today won't survive a job search without an electronic resume. (Robert J. Matyska, Jr.)(National Business Education Association 1998, p. 2)
In a few short years, the World Wide Web has become an essential tool for those looking for any type of job. This Alert describes how the Internet serves as a professional development tool, enabling individuals to access information on employment opportunities, workplace trends, prospective employers, and job search strategies.
Although some websites offer only one service, such as resume writing or interviewing tips, many include a variety of features. Some of the services are available at no cost, others are fee based. The Internet offers thousands of job-search sites, company websites, research sites, career development aids, and online networking resources. Some sites (NationJob Network http://nationjob.com, CareerBuilder http://careerbuilder.com) include intelligent agents, programs that set up a profile specifying job needs such as salary, location, industry, and other preferences. Whenever a job matching the profile comes in, e-mail notification is sent (Martin 1998).
Developing an online version of the resume is essential in today's job market (Martin 1998; NBEA 1998). Many job sites will post resumes and the service is free in most instances. Assistance in preparing resumes is available at many of the websites listed here.
Although there is no single website that includes everything needed for the job search, the big board job banks will give beginners a head start on locating the information they need. They include America's Job Bank, Career Mosaic, Career Path, E-Span, and Monster Board (Lewis 1997; Martin 1998; Riley 1996). In addition, Hoover's http://hoovers.com and Thomas Register http://www.thomasregister.com provide information about companies.
Most search engines have direct links to a variety of career- or job-related websites. Try the business, career, jobs, or employment sections of their home page for information: Yahoo! http://www.yahoo.com, AltaVista http://altavista.com, HotBot http://www.hotbot.com/, WebCrawler http://www.webcrawler.com/, Savvy Search http://savvysearch.com/, Lycos http://www.lycos.com, Infoseek, http://infoseek.go.com, Excite http://www.excite.com
The Big Board
America's Job Bank http://www.ajb.dni.us/. Announces thousands of job openings, links to state search engines, and connects job seekers to employer-maintained job listings.
CareerMosaic http://www.careermosaic.com/. Has information on available jobs, employers, resume writing, job fairs, a career resource center, the college connection, and an international gateway.
CareerPath http://careerpath.com. Combines help-wanted listings from 63 newspapers throughout the country.
E-Span's Job Options http://www.joboptions.com/esp/plsql/espan_enter.espan_home. Provides the capability to search for a job, post a resume, search for employer information, and subscribe to a job alert service.
The Monster Board http://www.monster.com/ (formerly Online Career Center). Provides resources to manage your career, track job searches, store resumes and cover letters, and connect to a global careers community.
HRS Federal Job Search http://www.hrsjobs.com/. Includes lists of federal jobs, information on applying for federal jobs, federal pay tables, links to state employment offices, and descriptions of federal jobs.
Military Career Guide Online http://www.militarycareers.com/. Offers details on 152 enlisted and officer occupations and describes training, advancement, and educational opportunities in the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard.
Suite 101 http://www.suite101.com/ article.cfm/military_veterans/5733. Includes job search advice and sample resumes for military veterans and retirees.
America’s Career Resources Network http://www.acrna.net/index.htm. Continues the work of the National Occupational Information Coordinating Committee.
Employment and Training Administration http://www.doleta.gov/Career_OneStop.cfm. Provides information on starting a new career, choosing a career, jobs by company, jobs by location, and career resources.
Occupational Outlook Handbook http://www.bls.gov/oco/. Provides information on thousands of occupations including training/education/certification needed, a job description, and the labor market outlook for that position.
O*NET http://www.doleta.gov/programs/onet/. Identifies and describes the key components of modern occupations and supplies up-to-date information on job requirements and worker competencies.
Job Search Aids
Career Resources http://townonline.com/workin g/careerres/060897p5.html. Provides information on career success factors, job listings, job fairs, and company profiles.
Job Interview Hints http://www.jlpa.com/jobs/kit.html. Provides tips for a successful interview.
JobTrak http://www.jobtrak.com/. Works with college career centers to provide access to jobs posted at colleges. Provides six steps for conducting an effective job search from self-assessment to maintaining a career action plan.
Resumes and Interviews http://swiftweb.com/jobs/resume.html. Provides links to other sites on these subjects.
The Riley Guide http://www.rileyguide.com. Includes reasons to use the Internet in your job search, how to determine what you want to do, how to do a real job search on the Internet, resources, evaluating websites, and reasons why you need to know about a prospective employer.
Teenagers Guide to the Real World http://www.bygpub.com/books/tg2rw /resumes.htm. Includes information on resume writing and interviewing.
American Psychological Society http://psych.hanover.edu/APS/job.html. Provides links to psychology, academic, health care, and general employment resources.
Black Collegian Online: The Career Site for Students of Color http://jobs.blackcollegian.com/jobseekerx/SearchJobsForm.asp. Includes career and job-related opportunities from equal opportunity employers.
www.rehabjobs.com http://www.rehabjobs.com/. Provides a complete online resource center for professional therapists related to their career development.
State and Local
JobStar Central http://jobstar.org/. Provides information on the California job market and information on resumes, the hidden job market, and salaries.
America’s Job Bank http://www.ajb.org/. Contains links to state sites.
Ohio Labor Market Information http://lmi.state.oh.us/ Looks at employment trends and projections for the state of Ohio.
Australian Job Search http://jobsearch.gov.au. Offers information on finding a job, getting assistance, obtaining help with apprenticeships, and starting your own business.
International Career Exploration Links http://www.uhs.berkeley.edu/CareerLibrary/links/header.cfm?FIELD=13. Includes information about international careers such as teaching overseas, with foreign service, the Peace Corps, and the United Nations.
International Opportunities Program http://www.cie.uci.edu/iop/teaching.html. Includes links to opportunities for teaching abroad.
Hoover's http://hoovers.com. Includes features such as company information, stock quotes, investor resources, top officers, and a career center.
JobWeb Online Career Fair http://www.jobweb.com/employ/fairs/default.asp. Provides links to a variety of websites offering information about specific companies.
Thomas Register of American Manufacturers http://www.thomasregister.com/. Information about thousands of companies.
Brown, B. The
Web: Creating and Changing Jobs. Trends and Issues Alert. Columbus,
OH: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, 1998. http://cete.org/acve/tia.asp.
Kimeldorf, M. "Job Hunting
Online." International Journal of Career Management
7, no. 5 (1995): iii-viii.
Lewis, R. "Looking for Work
in All the Right Places." AARP Bulletin 38, no. 5
(May 1997): 11-13. (ED 406 581).
Loeb, M. "Getting Hired
by Getting Wired." Fortune 132, no. 10 (November 13,
Lundberg, D, and Thirsk,
R. Cruising the Information Highway for Jobs: On-Line Career Development.
ERIC Digest. Greensboro, NC: ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling
and Student Services, 1995. (ED 405 534).
Martin, J. "Changing Jobs?
Try the Net." Fortune 137, no. 4 (March 2, 1998):
National Business Education
Association. "Electronic Resumes and Online Job Searches." Keying
In 8, no. 3 (January 1998): 1-8. (ED 414 469).
Riley, M. "Riley's Guided
Tour: Job Search on the Net." Library Journal 121,
no. 15 (September 15, 1996): 24-27.
Wagner, J.O. Wired:
The Electronic Job Search. ERIC Digest no. 172. Columbus, OH:
ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, 1996. http://cete.org/acve/digests.asp.