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Career Planning on the Internet

Trends and Issues Alert 3

by Judith O. Wagner

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This project has been funded at least in part with Federal funds from the U.S. Department of Education under Contract No. ED-99-CO-0013. The content of this publication does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Education nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. ERIC/ACVE publications may be freely reproduced.


Job seekers today won't survive a job search without an electronic resume. (Robert J. Matyska, Jr.)(National Business Education Association 1998, p. 2)

In a few short years, the World Wide Web has become an essential tool for those looking for any type of job. This Alert describes how the Internet serves as a professional development tool, enabling individuals to access information on employment opportunities, workplace trends, prospective employers, and job search strategies.

Although some websites offer only one service, such as resume writing or interviewing tips, many include a variety of features. Some of the services are available at no cost, others are fee based. The Internet offers thousands of job-search sites, company websites, research sites, career development aids, and online networking resources. Some sites (NationJob Network, CareerBuilder include intelligent agents, programs that set up a profile specifying job needs such as salary, location, industry, and other preferences. Whenever a job matching the profile comes in, e-mail notification is sent (Martin 1998).

Developing an online version of the resume is essential in today's job market (Martin 1998; NBEA 1998). Many job sites will post resumes and the service is free in most instances. Assistance in preparing resumes is available at many of the websites listed here.

Although there is no single website that includes everything needed for the job search, the big board job banks will give beginners a head start on locating the information they need. They include America's Job Bank, Career Mosaic, Career Path, E-Span, and Monster Board (Lewis 1997; Martin 1998; Riley 1996). In addition, Hoover's and Thomas Register provide information about companies.

Most search engines have direct links to a variety of career- or job-related websites. Try the business, career, jobs, or employment sections of their home page for information: Yahoo!, AltaVista, HotBot, WebCrawler, Savvy Search, Lycos, Infoseek,, Excite


The Big Board

America's Job Bank Announces thousands of job openings, links to state search engines, and connects job seekers to employer-maintained job listings.

CareerMosaic Has information on available jobs, employers, resume writing, job fairs, a career resource center, the college connection, and an international gateway.

CareerPath Combines help-wanted listings from 63 newspapers throughout the country.

E-Span's Job Options Provides the capability to search for a job, post a resume, search for employer information, and subscribe to a job alert service.

The Monster Board (formerly Online Career Center). Provides resources to manage your career, track job searches, store resumes and cover letters, and connect to a global careers community.


HRS Federal Job Search Includes lists of federal jobs, information on applying for federal jobs, federal pay tables, links to state employment offices, and descriptions of federal jobs.

Military Career Guide Online Offers details on 152 enlisted and officer occupations and describes training, advancement, and educational opportunities in the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard.

Suite 101 article.cfm/military_veterans/5733. Includes job search advice and sample resumes for military veterans and retirees.

Government Websites

America’s Career Resources Network Continues the work of the National Occupational Information Coordinating Committee.

Employment and Training Administration Provides information on starting a new career, choosing a career, jobs by company, jobs by location, and career resources.

Occupational Outlook Handbook Provides information on thousands of occupations including training/education/certification needed, a job description, and the labor market outlook for that position.

O*NET Identifies and describes the key components of modern occupations and supplies up-to-date information on job requirements and worker competencies.

Job Search Aids

Career Resources g/careerres/060897p5.html. Provides information on career success factors, job listings, job fairs, and company profiles.

Job Interview Hints Provides tips for a successful interview.

JobTrak Works with college career centers to provide access to jobs posted at colleges. Provides six steps for conducting an effective job search from self-assessment to maintaining a career action plan.

Resumes and Interviews Provides links to other sites on these subjects.

The Riley Guide Includes reasons to use the Internet in your job search, how to determine what you want to do, how to do a real job search on the Internet, resources, evaluating websites, and reasons why you need to know about a prospective employer.

Teenagers Guide to the Real World /resumes.htm. Includes information on resume writing and interviewing.


American Psychological Society Provides links to psychology, academic, health care, and general employment resources.

Black Collegian Online: The Career Site for Students of Color Includes career and job-related opportunities from equal opportunity employers. Provides a complete online resource center for professional therapists related to their career development.

State and Local

JobStar Central Provides information on the California job market and information on resumes, the hidden job market, and salaries.

America’s Job Bank Contains links to state sites.

Ohio Labor Market Information Looks at employment trends and projections for the state of Ohio.


Australian Job Search Offers information on finding a job, getting assistance, obtaining help with apprenticeships, and starting your own business.

International Career Exploration Links Includes information about international careers such as teaching overseas, with foreign service, the Peace Corps, and the United Nations.

International Opportunities Program Includes links to opportunities for teaching abroad.

Company Information

Hoover's Includes features such as company information, stock quotes, investor resources, top officers, and a career center.

JobWeb Online Career Fair Provides links to a variety of websites offering information about specific companies.

Thomas Register of American Manufacturers Information about thousands of companies.

Print Resources

Brown, B. The Web: Creating and Changing Jobs. Trends and Issues Alert. Columbus, OH: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, 1998.
Indicates that the World Wide Web creates new jobs and changes the ways existing jobs are performed.

Kimeldorf, M. "Job Hunting Online." International Journal of Career Management 7, no. 5 (1995): iii-viii.
Explores how job seekers use online computer services to gather information about jobs.

Lewis, R. "Looking for Work in All the Right Places." AARP Bulletin 38, no. 5 (May 1997): 11-13. (ED 406 581).
Suggests that Internet job banks are growing at a rapid rate allowing job seekers access to a wider variety of opportunities.

Loeb, M. "Getting Hired by Getting Wired." Fortune 132, no. 10 (November 13, 1995): 252.
Describes opportunities for locating job information through online networks using the World Wide Web.

Lundberg, D, and Thirsk, R. Cruising the Information Highway for Jobs: On-Line Career Development. ERIC Digest. Greensboro, NC: ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Student Services, 1995. (ED 405 534).
Describes the benefits students can realize by using the Internet for information about job vacancies.

Martin, J. "Changing Jobs? Try the Net." Fortune 137, no. 4 (March 2, 1998): 205-206, 208.
Discusses basic search tools offered by the Internet.

National Business Education Association. "Electronic Resumes and Online Job Searches." Keying In 8, no. 3 (January 1998): 1-8. (ED 414 469).
Provides information on creating and using electronic resumes and conducting online job searches.

Riley, M. "Riley's Guided Tour: Job Search on the Net." Library Journal 121, no. 15 (September 15, 1996): 24-27.
Provides information and descriptions on online resource guides containing a variety of job search information.

Wagner, J.O. Wired: The Electronic Job Search. ERIC Digest no. 172. Columbus, OH: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, 1996.
Discusses developments in the electronic job search and describes available resources and websites.


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