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Teacher Training through Video: ESL Techniques

  1. Beginning Literacy
  2. Dialogue/Drill
  3. Early Production
  4. Focused Listening
  5. Information Gap
  6. Language Experience
  7. Lesson Planning
  8. Life Skills Reading
  9. Narrative Reading
  10. Problem Solving
  11. Role Play
  12. Total Physical Response

GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Beginning Literacy

Goal: To develop skills in beginning literacy lessons

Objectives: Upon completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Recognize the goal and underlying principles of teaching ESL literacy
  • Identify the key steps in teaching a literacy lesson
  • Develop reading- and writing-readiness activities
  • Develop activities to build reading and writing skills
  • Develop comprehension activities
  • Use grouping strategies to meet the needs of students at different literacy levels

Dialogue/Drill

Goal: To develop skill in using the dialogue/drill technique.

Objectives: Upon completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Recognize the goal and underlying principles of the dialogue/drill technique
  • Identify key steps in the dialogue/drill technique
  • Model the dialogue for the students
  • Provide cues for eliciting the dialogue
  • Select meaningful segments for repetition practice
  • Develop drills to practice pronunciation, vocabulary, structure, and student-to-student communication

Early Production

Goal: To develop skills in using early production activities.

Objectives: Upon completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Recognize the goal and underlying principles of early production techniques
  • Identify key steps in early production techniques
  • Provide several different contexts for the target language
  • Use questioning strategies that allow students to comprehend before producing the target language
  • Provide activities to create a non threatening environment for language acquisition

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Focused Listening

Goal: To develop skills in using focused listening activities.

Objectives: Upon completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Recognize the goal and underlying principles in teaching listening
  • Identify key steps in teaching listening
  • Prepare students for a listening passage
  • Develop exercises that require the listener to respond with an action
  • Provide clues to guide students in responding to listening tasks

Information Gap

Goal: To develop skills in using the information gap technique.

Objectives: Upon completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Recognize the goal and underlying principles of the information gap technique
  • Identify key steps in the information gap technique
  • Set up an information gap activity
  • Provide different information to different students to fill the information gap
  • Adapt materials to create an information gap activity

Language Experience

Goal: To develop skills in using the Language Experience Approach.

Objectives: Upon completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Recognize the goal and underlying principles of the Language Experience Approach
  • Identify the key steps in the Language Experience Approach
  • Elicit from students a description or story about a common experience
  • Provide students with practice in reading the written story
  • Design activities to develop reading skills

Lesson Planning

Goal: To develop skills in planning an ESL lesson.

Objectives: Upon completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Recognize the principles underlying lesson planning
  • Identify the stages of a lesson
  • Develop activities for each key stage of a lesson
  • Write a lesson plan containing all stages

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Life Skills Reading

Goal: To develop skills in using life skills reading.

Objectives: Upon completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Recognize the goal and underlying principles in teaching life skills reading
  • Identify the key steps in teaching life skills reading
  • Utilize students' prior knowledge and experience
  • Prepare students for the vocabulary of the reading
  • Develop an activity to highlight the organization of the reading
  • Develop an activity that requires understanding of details

Narrative Reading

Goal: To develop skills in using narrative reading lessons.

Objectives: Upon completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Recognize the goal and underlying principles in teaching narrative reading
  • Identify key steps in narrative reading
  • Develop activities to help students predict what will be in the reading
  • Develop comprehension questions
  • Develop activities that build reading skills

Problem Solving

Goal: To develop skills in using the problem-solving technique.

Objectives: Upon completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Recognize the goals and underlying principles of the problem-solving technique
  • Identify key steps in the problem-solving technique
  • Provide students with an opportunity to identify the problem and discuss a variety of possible solutions and consequences
  • Pride an activity in which individuals make their own choices and decisions
  • Transform students' problems and concerns into a story

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Role Play

Goal: To develop skills in using the role play technique.

Objectives: Upon completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Recognize the goal and underlying principles of the Role Play technique
  • Identify key steps in the role play technique
  • Elicit a model for the role play technique
  • Provide opportunities for students to expand the model using different vocabulary and structures
  • Provide opportunities for students to make language choices based on function, social setting, and register

Total Physical Response

Goal: To develop skills in using the total physical response approach - that is, to provide a series of commands to which students respond with appropriate nonverbal actions.

Objectives: Upon completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Recognize the goal and underlying principles of the total physical response approach
  • Identify the key steps in the total physical response approach
  • Demonstrate a series of commands
  • Develop activities that provide command variation
  • Develop techniques to encourage a non threatening environment
  • Develop activities that connect oral and written language
  • Develop a series of commands for classroom use

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